2019 Hans Rosenberg Book Prize
The Central European History Society is proud to announce the winner of the Hans Rosenberg Book Prize, awarded to the best book in the field published by a North American resident in 2019.
Astrid M. Eckert, West Germany and the Iron Curtain: Environment, Economy, and Culture in the Borderlands (Oxford, 2019)
Like a landscape, this book opens the eye and expands the horizon with every chapter, offering new vantage points, unexpected turns, and hidden depths. Geographically it explores the not-so-thin zonal borderlands (Zonenrandgebiete) lying on the West German side of the Iron Curtain, from the urban communities of Schleswig-Holstein bordering the Baltic Sea in the north, to rural parts of Bavaria in the south that bordered either East Germany or Czechoslovakia. In these borderlands, Eckert examines the interlocking policy issues faced by economic aid demands caused by underdevelopment, the growth of a tourist industry, public debates about transborder pollution, and the planned construction of a nuclear site close to the border. Although the book’s focus falls mainly on West German territories and policies, East Germany is—appropriately—never far from the hinge of Eckert’s analysis.
The book’s chronology is equally expansive, beginning with the immediate postwar years when two Germanies appeared and continuing across the alleged historical caesura of 1989/91 into the twenty-first century. Yet the author’s decision to organize her chapters thematically lends this book its special impact and readability. The zonal borderlands are never treated as a simple geographical fact or irresistible development: rather, they are shown to have been constituted and constructed along three axes: physically, through checkpoints, watchtowers, fences and mines; mentally, through competing visions of what the Iron Curtain and regional development might mean for Germans’ future wellbeing; and politically, with aid packages, inter-German negotiations, and public protests. Through these analytical lenses, the author shows us that the Iron Curtain’s borderlands were not empty or dead spaces, but instead acted as a conduit of interactions that were often countervailing: objectifying gazes and defensive obfuscation, wildlife refuge and environmental degradation, effective activism and thwarted advocacy. In these and other ways, Eckert provides the reader with four or five books in one, whereby the whole is indisputably greater than the sum of the parts.
The research that underpins Eckert’s argument is impeccable, drawn from over twenty regional, national, and international archives and supported by exhaustive print materials (including many telling illustrations). The author uses maps and statistics to good effect, for example when she makes dry facts about the chloride concentration in the Werra River into a gripping, revelatory tale of science being used, and misused, in ways all too familiar to us in 2020. She also provides the profound insight that West German officials erred in ignoring or dismissing evidence of environmental disaster in the East: had they grasped the implication of such disaster, they would have understood it as a sign of East Germany’s increasing political fragility.
Lastly, the author’s erudition and breadth of vision highlight the timeliness of this book. For flora and fauna—not to mention the human populations that rely on them—the disappearance of the Iron Curtain did not presage a new golden age; climate change has ignored the political rupture of 1989/91. Eckert pulls the reader ineluctably into the present day, ending her book with a poignant rumination about borders and walls not falling in the age of globalization but becoming ever more a part of our lives as they are instrumentalized with inhumanity in the name of state security. With such observations Eckert does not need to bend her sources toward a cautionary tale: they point in that direction so demonstrably that the author’s prose can be eloquent and clear-eyed at the same time.
The Hans Rosenberg book prize committee congratulates Astrid Eckert for this innovative exemplar of environmental history and its deeper truths, beautifully crafted, as it is, with the toolkits of social, political, economic, and cultural inquiry.
More information on Eckert’s work is available through a New Books Network Podcast and through an author interview (in German) at the Gerda Henkel Stiftung.
CEHS thanks the prize committee:
Dominique Kirchner Reill